Research and Publication Ethics

Research published in JKIEES (The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science) must have followed institutional, national, and international guidelines.

It is necessary to agree upon standards of the expected ethical behaviors for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer and the publisher. Our policies on research and publication ethics are based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Guidelines (

1. Publication and authorship:

• All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

• All authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Also, authors should not present falsification or inappropriate date manipulation on theirs’ manuscript.

• All authors should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

2. Author's responsibilities:

• Authors who submitted manuscript for publication in JKIEES must participate in the peer review process.

• Authorship should be restricted to those individuals who have met each of the following three criteria: 1) made a significant contribution to the conception and design of the project, or the analysis and interpretation of the data, or other substantial scholarly effort; 2) participated in drafting, reviewing and/or revising the work; and 3) approved the final version for publication. After the initial submission of a manuscript, any changes whatsoever in authorship (adding author(s), deleting author(s), or re-arranging the order of authors) must be explained by a letter to the editor from the authors concerned. The content of this letter must be acknowledged and agreed upon by all of the authors of the paper.

• Authors that report original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

• When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to withdraw or correct the paper.

In addition to JKIEES Journal’s ethical statement, you must read and agreed to terms of editorial policy.

3. Peer review / responsibility for the reviewers:

• Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

• Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

• Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

• Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

4. Editorial responsibilities:

• Editors of JKIEES Journal are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. Editor/s may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

• Editors should only accept a paper when reasonably certain. The acceptance criteria for all papers are based on the quality and originality of the research and its clinical and scientific significance.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editor or publisher and cooperate with them to either withdraw the paper or to publish an appropriate erratum.

• Editors must respect reviewers’ right to confidentiality. Also, editors must not disclose information about manuscripts (including their receipt, content, status in the reviewing process, criticism by reviewers, or ultimate fate) to anyone other than the authors and reviewers.

5. Publishing ethics issues

• Plagiarism is not acceptable in JKIEES. Authors should not engage in plagiarism, copying or very close paraphrasing of text or results from another’s work (without attribution). Authors should not engage in self-plagiarism (also known as duplicate publication) and unacceptably close replication of the author’s own previously published text or results without acknowledgement of the source. To avoid any form of plagiarism, each manuscript is checked for similarity against the Crosscheck database using the iThenticate software.

• JKIEES should consider withdrawing a publication, if :

  • - they have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error)
  • - the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication)
  • - it constitutes plagiarism
  • - it reports unethical research

Our guidelines for withdrawal are followed by COPE’s Guidelines for Retracting Articles.

• A manuscript submitted for publication in JKIEES should maintain an original work with technical values as well as the integrity of the academic record. Also, it must be preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards.